Surveillance of medical conditions that are of public health importance involves the systematic collection, analyses and use of epidemiologic information to provide the scientific and factual database for timely and accurate detection of public health threats. The International Health Regulations (IHR) require the rapid detection of public health risks, as well as the prompt risk assessment, notification, verification and response to these risks.
The aim of the NMC national surveillance system is to provide systems and processes to acquire empirical information to enable the following at local, regional and national levels;
To timeously detect and respond to public health threats so as to prevent disease outbreaks
To estimate burden of priority diseases and identify populations at risk
To monitor place, person and time trends in priority diseases of public health importance
To direct public health interventions and inform policy decisions